Educational Zone #105 – The Remington Model 510 Targetmaster .22 Bolt Action Rifle

I have an old .22 rifle that I have had for a long time.

I believe I paid about $20 for it many years ago. It was in pretty rough shape, with the stock all beat up and most of the stock finish gone. But although it was an ugly duckling, I kind of like ugly ducklings, as I like to turn them into swans.

It is a Remington Model 510, Targetmaster. It is a single shot, bolt action, .22 rimfire rifle.

I took it apart and cleaned it up and refinished the stock.

It turned out pretty nice.

Here it is.


I mounted a Tasco 3 X 9 scope on it and it works great.

It is clearly marked Targetmaster, Model 510 on the barrel.

It is also marked “.22 Short, Long, Long Rifle”, and will shoot all sizes of .22 rimfire ammo.


When you open the bolt, there is a tray to place the ammunition on…


And you just drop it on the tray and it will feed right into the chamber.


When the rifle is cocked, there is a red cocking indicator that sticks out of the rear of the bolt.


The barrel is longer than most barrels that are sold nowadays, at about 24 inches.

That doesn’t necessarily make it more accurate, but does make it a little quieter.

The crown is unchanged from original condition, and while not “crisp”, it seems to be good enough.


Today, we took it to the range for a little shooting session.


I was shooting some CCI Minimag .22 Long Rifle Hollow Point ammunition.

This is not usually the most accurate ammo we shoot, but this rifle seems to like it just fine.


Here I am having some fun.


And here’s a five shot group at 50 yards.

I was aiming at the top left corner of the black square.

I believe that would give a squirrel an ear ache.

These old rifles are still shooters and are a joy to shoot, as they tend to hit what you aim them at.


There’s a lot to love about these fine old rifles.

9 Comments on Educational Zone #105 – The Remington Model 510 Targetmaster .22 Bolt Action Rifle

  1. Your rimington model 510 looks very nice, I am wanting to put a scope on my remington 510 i dont know what mounts and rings to use.

  2. sir. a beautiful weapon, i have one just like it. made by remington arms co. inc,ilton,n.y.model 510. very happy with it. after looking at yours, iam looking forward to getting a scope on mine. thanks for the showing. burt

  3. We have same gun but ours is 510x. Not sure what x stands for. Can we shoot 22 mags?

  4. Guy Mnkelwitz // August 28, 2016 at 4:48 pm // Reply

    I am looking for a clip for my 22 Remington Model 510

  5. Dan Carpenter // May 31, 2017 at 9:45 pm // Reply

    I am so embarrassed to be asking this question. I’ve had the 510 for many years and handed it down to my son, who in turn handed it down to my grandson. My grandson took it out the other day and fired some rounds. When he got ready to clean it he took the bolt out, following my instructions. Now we can’t get the bolt back in! I’ve never had this problem before, but senility may have set in. How do I replace the bolt back into the 510 Targetmaster by Remington?

  6. Ernest Goble // July 20, 2017 at 7:26 am // Reply

    Remember to push the safety forward and pull the trigger at the same time.

    • Erik stevenson // September 4, 2017 at 3:18 pm // Reply

      Put bolt into receiver and with safety off pull trigger and bolt will move forward, then move safety reward (on) and push bolt forward.

  7. Allen Grissom // August 2, 2017 at 2:41 pm // Reply

    I just got finished doing a good clean of my Remington 510 which I had purchased from Ross Hardware in Williston Florida in 1959 for $20 and it came with a free box of 22 LR. I was 12 years old and purchased the rifle with money I had earned working on the farm. My mom had a cow but Dad took me out back to practice. It still shoots dead on, Opossum, Raccoon, Wild Hog, Crow, Bob Cat, Snakes literally by the hundreds over the years. When you know you only have “One” shot, you aim careful, squeeze gently and seldom miss. US Army Vet. who made it back. Allen Grissom

  8. I have my father’s old 511 Scoremaster (same rifle but with a magazine) with a Weaver G6 scope, both vintage 1939. I got it from my brother in severely neglected condition a couple years ago. My restoration is not quite as pretty as yours, but it’ll do. Yesterday it delivered me 7 5-shot groups at 50 yd with average group size 0.69″, using Lapua Center-X. These are fine old rifles, and the fact it was my father’s makes mine really special.

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